Formal Name: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
European Union Membership: NO
N.A.T.O. Membership: Yes, since 2010.
Form of Government: Federative Republic
Surface: 51.197 km2. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the 128th largest country in the world.
Population: aprox. 3,843,000
Density: 75 persons / square km
GDP Nominal: aprox. 12.90 billion Euros. GDP Nominal per capita: aprox. 3.317 Euros
Official Language: Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian
Other used languages:
Capital City: Sarajevo
National Holyday: 25 November
Independence date: 1 March 1992 from The Former Yugoslavia
Currency used: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (BAM) 1 BAM = 100 Fenings
Main Religions: Muslims (48%), Serb Orthodox (34%), Roman Catholics (13%)
Particular things: At the beginning of the XXth century, Bosnia – Herzegovina was disputed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, The Ottoman Empire and the Serb state supported by the Russian Empire. In 1908 Bosnia Herzegovina was annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Political unrest between Serb nationalists and the Austro-Hungarian authorities reached a peak in 1914 when the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated in Sarajevo (Capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina). This was the sparkle that ultimately led to the beginning of the First World War.