miercuri, 30 noiembrie 2011

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Countries of Europe - Bosnia and Herzegovina

Short Name: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Formal Name: Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

European Union Membership: NO

N.A.T.O. Membership: Yes, since 2010.

Form of Government: Federative Republic

Surface: 51.197 km2. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the 128th largest country in the world.

Population: aprox. 3,843,000

Density: 75 persons / square km

GDP Nominal: aprox. 12.90 billion Euros. GDP Nominal per capita: aprox. 3.317 Euros

Official Language: Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian

Other used languages:

Capital City: Sarajevo

National Holyday: 25 November

Independence date: 1 March 1992 from The Former Yugoslavia

Currency used: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (BAM) 1 BAM = 100 Fenings

Main Religions: Muslims (48%), Serb Orthodox (34%), Roman Catholics (13%)

Particular things: At the beginning of the XXth century, Bosnia – Herzegovina was disputed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire, The Ottoman Empire and the Serb state supported by the Russian Empire. In 1908 Bosnia Herzegovina was annexed by the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Political unrest between Serb nationalists and the Austro-Hungarian authorities reached a peak in 1914 when the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated in Sarajevo (Capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina). This was the sparkle that ultimately led to the beginning of the First World War.

National Anthem…

joi, 10 noiembrie 2011

Belgium - Countries in Europe - Belgium

Short Name: Belgium

Formal Name: Kingdom of Belgium

European Union Membership: Yes, Belgium is a Founding Member of the European Union.

N.A.T.O. Membership: Yes, since 1948.

Form of Government: Constitutional Monarchy

Surface: 30.528km2. Belgium is the 140th largest country in the world.

Population: aprox. 11.007.020

Density: 354.7 persons / square km

GDP Nominal: aprox. 278.83 billion Euros. GDP Nominal per capita: aprox. 25 500 Euros

Official Language: Dutch, French, German

Other used languages: English

Capital City: Brussel / Bruxelles

National Holyday: 21 July

Independence date: 4 October 1830 from The Netherlands

Currency used: Euro (EUR)

Main Religions: Roman Catholicism

Particular things: From the independence in 1830 until 1970 was a unitary state. Between 1970 and 2001 a series of state reforms have been enforced which transformed Belgium into a federal state.

National Anthem…

marți, 8 noiembrie 2011

Belarus - Countries in Europe - Belarus

Short Name: Belarus

Formal Name: Republic of Belarus

European Union Membership: NO.

N.A.T.O. Membership: NO

Form of Government: Republic

Surface: 207.595 km2. Belarus is the 86th largest country in the world.

Population: aprox. 9.503.000

Density: 45.8 persons / square km

GDP Nominal: aprox. 38,68 billion Euros. GDP Nominal per capita: aprox. 4.100 Euros

Official Language: Belarusian and Russian

Other used languages:

Capital City: Minsk

National Holyday: 3 July

Independence date: 27 July 1990 from the Soviet Union

Currency used: Belarusian Ruble (BYR)

Main Religions: Russian Orthodox Christianity

Particular things: During the World War II Belarus lost approximately 30% of the population.

National Anthem…